The origin of this conventional method is unknown, but it reportedly credited to Mr. George Mittelman of Canada, who placed second in the Bermuda Cup competition in the year 1995 with team mates Mr. Boris Baran, Canada, Mr. Fred Gitelman, Mr. Eric O. Kokish, Mr. Mark Molson, and Mr. Joseph Silver of the United States of America.

Short Biography

Note: George Mittelman has won two World Championships, which are the 1982 Mixed Pairs and the 2002 Senior Teams. He won the Silver Medal in the 1995 Bermuda Bowl with team mates Boris Baran, Fred Gitelman, Eric O. Kokish, Joey Silver, George Mittelman, Mark Molson, Joseph Silver, and Irving Litvack (npc).

Mr. George Mittelman has also won two Bronze Medals in the Rosenblum Cup in the year 1982 (team members: Sammy Kehela, Allan Graves, Eric O. Kokish, George Mittelman, Peter Nagy, Eric Murray), and in the year 1990 (team members: Boris Baran, Arno Hobart, Eric O. Kokish, Martin Kirr, George Mittelman, Mark Molson, Mark Stein)..

On one of those occasions, in the so-called Geneva Incident, a scoring error occurred, upon the discovery of which the team was disqualified from the opportunity to play for the Gold Medal won by Germany. He has won more CNTC's (Canadian National Team Championships) than any other player and has won four North American bridge titles: two Open Swiss Teams (1986, 1995), a Board-a-Match Teams (1998) and a Senior Teams (2006). George has also been Non-Playing Captain (npc) of Canada's Olympiad, Bermuda Bowl and Venice Cup Teams on numerous occasions.


The Mittelman Adjunct is a conventional method employed to clarify the holding of the opening partner only in the described non-competitive auction shown below.

Note: The designation adjunct is defined as something attached to another in a dependent or subordinate position.

The Auction

South   West   North   East   Meaning
1   Pass           Promises opening values and at least a 5-card Spade suit.
        1 NT   Pass   Promises limited values and denies a 3-card Spade suit.
2   Pass           The opener continues the bidding with additional values and promises a 4-card Heart suit.
        2 NT   Pass   This is the Mittelman Adjunct, asking partner to continue to describe the holding. The opener may not pass since this rebid is forcing for one round. The responder also communicates the information that the held limited values are of the upper range.
Possible Rebids by Opener
3 : This is a transfer bid (puppet) by the opener to 3.
    Opponent   Responder  
    Pass   3 The responder is forced to bid 3.
    Continuances by the Opener Following a 3 Relay
    3 : Promises a 5-card Heart suit. Therefore, the holding of the opener has a distribution of 5-5-x-x. This rebid is game forcing.
    3 : Promises a 6-card Spade suit and a 4-card Heart suit. Possible distribution is: 6-4-x-x. This rebid is game forcing.
    3 NT: This is a Club fragment, and is a game forcing action. (Note: a fragment bid is a term describing a suit of two or more cards that is not long enough to bid naturally. Therefore, the suit may also be a 3-card suit. The fragment bid is employed to show shortness in an unbid suit.)
Continuances of Possible Rebids by Opener Following a rebid of 2 No Trump by Responder
3 : This is a Diamond fragment, and is a game forcing action.
3 : Promises only opening values and a 5-5 distribution in both Major suits.
3 : Promises only opening values and a 6-4 distribution in both Major suits.



If you wish to include this feature, or any other feature, of the game of bridge in your partnership agreement, then please make certain that the concept is understood by both partners. Be aware whether or not the feature is alertable or not and whether an announcement should or must be made. Check with the governing body and/or the bridge district and/or the bridge unit prior to the game to establish the guidelines applied. Please include the particular feature on your convention card in order that your opponents are also aware of this feature during the bidding process, since this information must be made known to them according to the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge. We do not always include the procedure regarding Alerts and/or Announcements, since these regulations are changed and revised during time by the governing body. It is our intention only to present the information as concisely and as accurately as possible.


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