The concept of the strong Club opening bid has inspired many bridge players to devise and develop various systems. Many of these developers and bridge theorists have based their concepts, their systems upon the Symmetric Relay structure developed by Professor Roy Kerr of New Zealand.

Moscito, the designation, is an acronym of Major Oriented Strong Club Including Tactical Openings. To date this concept has been the most varied and has become the most popular among bridge players. The attempt has been made to list these variations on this web page. The latest, more or less official version of Moscito was published in the Australia's national bridge magazine, Australian Bridge, in the year 2001.

The concept behind Moscito is also MAFIA-based, which is an acronym for Majors First Always, and which also employs the strong, artificial 1 Club opening, generally with holdings containing 15 high card points or the equivalent of similar valuations.

Moscito Byte Bidding System
This bidding system was developed and devised first by Mr. Paul Marston and Mr. Stephen Burgess. The designation is an acronym of Major Oriented Strong Club. For its foundation, Mr. Paul Marston and Mr. Stephen Burgess used to a considerable extent the Symmetric Relay system and applied their version especially in auctions where the opening side has the balance of power. The concept is also a modification of the Weak Opening Systems devised by Mr. Jukasz Slawinski of Poland.

German Variations of Moscito Byte
The German Bridge Federation, at first, did not permit the use of the Moscito Byte bidding system as developed by Mr. Paul Marston and Mr. Stephen Burgess. However, an agreement was reached for the employment of a variation of the concept at German tournaments. Also, a variation with the name German Moscito was developed by Mr. Nikolas Bausback (Luxembourg), Mr. Jürgen Dueball (born 1943 - died 2002, of Solingen, Germany), Mr. Björn Janson (Dortmund, Germany), and Mr. Rene Steiner (Germany), and is based on a Moscito version devised by Mr. Martin Buchen of Australia.

Note: In the year 2002 Mr. René Steiner and Mr. Nikolas Bausback published online Moscito 2002, Version 2.0 of March 2002. This publication has been only preserved and archived on this site in .pdf file format for future reference. This online publication is only in the German language available.

GiB Moscito Byte
GiB is an abbreviation for Ginsberg intelligent Bridgeplayer, which is a computer software program designed to play bridge as a robot-style bride player. Additional information can be obtained from the website. The developer of the software is Mr. Matthew L. Ginsberg. The software is a sophisticated artificial intelligence search algorithms using Monte Carlo techniques for card play and Borel simulations for bidding. This information is dated around 1998-2000. This information has only been preserved and archived on this site in .pdf file format for future reference.

Honeymoon Moscito
The variation of the Moscito bidding system called Honeymoon Moscito was devised by Mr. Peter Buchen of Australia. This variation is based on the original Moscito System devised by Mr. Paul Marston and Mr. Stephen Burgess. This variation is different in that it combines a strong 1 Club with other openings, mainly showing Major suit holdings and complete but natural relay responses.

J-Moscito - 2004
J-Moscito is a variation of Moscito (Major Oriented Strong Club), originally invented by Mr. Paul Marston and Mr. Stephen Burgess. This version was developed by Mr. Jari Böling (Jari Boeling) and was last revised on October 8, 2004. This revised version is based on the concept of Honeymoon Moscito authored by Mr. Peter Buchen with the titles Moscito 2001 and Moscito 2002, and as described by Mr. Richard Willey and discussions with Mr. Kurt Häggblom. This is a .pdf file, which will automatically opened by your browser. This information has also only been preserved and archived on this site in .pdf file format for future reference.

Note: See website of Mr. Jari Böling for all original versions and developments.

J-Moscito - 2002
J-Moscito is a variation of Moscito (Major Oriented Strong Club), originally invented by Mr. Paul Marston and Mr. Stephen Burgess. This version was developed by Mr. Jari Böling (Jari Boeling) and was last revised on October 22, 2002, This original version is based on the concept of Honeymoon Moscito authored by Mr. Peter Buchen with the titles Moscito 2001 and Moscito 2002, and as described by Mr. Richard Willey and discussions with Mr. Kurt Häggblom. This is a .pdf file, which will automatically opened by your browser. This information has also only been preserved and archived on this site in .pdf file format for future reference.

J-Moscito - 2003
J-Moscito is a variation of Moscito (Major Oriented Strong Club), originally invented by Paul Marston and Stephen Burgess. This first revised version was developed by Mr. Jari Böling (Jari Boeling) and was last revised on April 25, 2003, This original version is based on the concept of Honeymoon Moscito authored by Mr. Peter Buchen with the titles Moscito 2001 and Moscito 2002, and as described by Mr. Richard Willey and discussions with Mr. Kurt Häggblom. This is a .pdf file, which will automatically opened by your browser. This information has also only been preserved and archived on this site in .pdf file format for future reference.

Modified Moscito
This short summary of Moscito-style opening bids and the continuing response structure was posted by Mr. Richard Willey and Mr. Kevin Wasserman. This document has only been preserved and archived on this site in .pdf file format for future reference.

Moscito 2001
This document is meant to provide a summary to Moscito 2001. The system as documented provides a complete description of the Moscito system that is played by Mr. Paul Marston as of the year 2001. This document makes some extensive expansions on the original system notes in order to provide more explicit examples for new players. This information has also only been preserved and archived on this site in .pdf file format for future reference.

Moscito System Summary
Compiled and authored by Mr. Richard Willey this information is presented and unaltered as it appeared on the web. The opening bids are described in detail and the continuing auction is presented with explanations. Suggestions on defense mechanisms are also offered with possible interpretations and continuances.

Newsland Moscito
This variation of the Moscito System is called the Newlands Moscito and was developed by Mr. Douglas A. Newlands and Mr. M. Willcox, and is based on the original Moscito System devised by Mr. Paul Marston and Mr. Stephen Burgess.

Terrorist's Moscito
Also titled Major-Oriented Strong Club with Intrepid Two Openers was published by Mr. Bo-Yin Yang of the Department of Mathematics at the Tamkang University in Taiwan. Contributing authors are: Mr. Ruey-Lun Lin, Jessica Y. Lee, and Mr. David Morgan. This information was presented online March 28, in the year 2000. This is a .pdf file, which will automatically opened by your browser. This information has also only been preserved and archived on this site in .pdf file format for future reference. Source.

SCRAPE or Strong Club Relay Avoiding Passing Ever
This collection of various bidding systems has been compiled, authored, and posted to the web by Mr. Mark Abraham of Australia. His web pages provides links to the various bridge bidding systems and a personal list of artificial and/or transfer-based symmetric relay systems. The SCRAPE bidding system, formerly known as the Strong Club Relay, Opening Transfers Emphasizing Majors, is to be found by clicking on the link above, which will transfer the interested reader to the web pages of Mr. Mark Abraham. These web pages have been archived only on this site for reference and preservation. These archived files are in .pdf file format and will be automatically opened by your browser.

Included on the website of Mr. Mark Abraham are:

Notes on T-Rex   SCRAPE - Preliminaries
CATOMULT   SCRAPE - Relay Structure
REGRESsion   SCRAPE - After Negative Responses to 1 Club
Transfer-Oriented Symmetric Relay or TOSR   SCRAPE - Very Strong Relays
Relay Precision   SCRAPE - Alternate 1 Club-1 Diamond Artificial Game Force
Suspensor Forcing Pass   SCRAPE - Major Suit Openings
    SCRAPE - Minor Suit Openings
    SCRAPE - 1 No Trump Opening
    SCRAPE - Weak Two-Level Openings
    SCRAPE - Other Agreements
    SCRAPE - Puppet Stayman

 

 

If you wish to include this feature, or any other feature, of the game of bridge in your partnership agreement, then please make certain that the concept is understood by both partners. Be aware whether or not the feature is alertable or not and whether an announcement should or must be made. Check with the governing body and/or the bridge district and/or the bridge unit prior to the game to establish the guidelines applied. Please include the particular feature on your convention card in order that your opponents are also aware of this feature during the bidding process, since this information must be made known to them according to the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge. We do not always include the procedure regarding Alerts and/or Announcements, since these regulations are changed and revised during time by the governing body. It is our intention only to present the information as concisely and as accurately as possible.

 


     
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