This conventional method was devised and developed by Mr. Paul Soloway, born October 10, 1941 and died November 5, 2007. During his bridge career he became one of the leading bridge personalities of his time. At the time of his death he had accumulated 65,511.92 masterpoints, which amounted to more than any other bridge player in the history of the game. The next player held approximately 6,000 masterpoints less than Mr. Paul Soloway.
Mr. Paul Soloway was born in Los Angeles, California, United States. He learned to play the game of bridge for the first time in college, which was nothing unusual at that time and on practically every college campus in the United States. After his graduation in business studies he decided to devote his entire time to the game of bridge and eventually became a bridge professional.
He won the Bermuda Bowl World Team Championships five times:
21st World Team Championships - Southampton, Bermuda, January 24 to February 1, 1975 - 25th Anniversary Placed Second - Team Mates: William (Billy) Eisenberg, Robert (Bob) Hamman, Edwin Kantar, John C. Swanson, Robert (Bobby) Wolff, Alfred Sheinwold (npc) 22nd World Team Championships - Monte Carlo, Monaco, May 2 to May 8, 1976 Team Mates: William (Billy) Eisenberg, Fred Hamilton, Eric Paulsen, Hugh Ross, Ira Rubin, Dan Morse (npc) 23rd World Team Championships - Manila, Philippines, October 20 to October 28, 1977 Team Mates: William (Billy) Eisenberg, Edwin Kantar, Robert (Bob) Hamman, John C. Swanson, Robert (Bobby) Wolff, Roger Stern (npc) 34th World Team Championships - Southampton, Bermuda, January 7 to January 21, 2000 Team Mates: Richard (Dick) Freeman, Bob Hamman, Jeff Meckstroth, Nick Nickell, Eric Rodwell, Sidney Lazard (npc) 36th World Team Championships - Monte Carlo, Monaco, November 2 to November 15, 2003 Team Mates: Nick Nickell, Richard Freeman, Jeff Meckstroth, Erik Rodwell, Bob Hamman, Sidney Lazard (npc)
Mr. Paul Soloway won the Lazard Sportsmanship Award in the year 2001. He was elected to the Hal of Fame of the ACBL in the year 2001. North American championships include the Vanderbilt, the Spingold, the Reisinger, Life Master Open Pairs, among others awards and several various times.
Principle of the Concept
In the early days of the evolution of bridge the concept of strong jump shifts were heavily employed. They showed a holding of the responder of 17 plus high card points. A game contract was guaranteed and the partnership devised methods of exploring possible slam contracts.
The only thing wrong with this definition is that the frequency rate was quite low for a holding by the responder to contain 17 plus high card points. Bridge authors, bridge teachers, and bridge organizations sought other ways to employ the concept of a jump shift.
Mr. Paul Soloway suggested his concept, which has been altered and/or changed somewhat since there was no actual record of his parameters for the jump shift and any continuations.
The reader should follow the link to the website of District 17 for the write-up by Kitty and Steve Cooper of Fort Collins, Colorado, United States, for a comprehensive explanation of the Soloway Jump Shifts.
Another Online Outline of the Concept
This explanation was found online and is presented here without change. In any bidding auction, without competition, the Soloway Jump Shift principle can be employed. As the designation indicates the responder jump shifts with the first response to an opening on the one level by partner. This jump shift response has several meanings:
1. promises 15 plus points with trump support in the suit of partner. 2. promises 15 plus point and a good suit. 3. promises 19 plus points and a balanced holding.
Once the partner has responded with a jump shift to an opening bid on the one level, then the opener usually rebids their suit. Following this rebid the responder can bid:
1. a new suit showing a fragment (a 2- or 3-card suit), thus showing a splinter in the fourth suit. 2. by rebidding their suit. 3. by rebidding No Trump.
Another Source for Soloway Jump Shifts
An online write-up for this concept of Mr. Paul Soloway can be found on the website of Mr. Jeff Tang.
If you wish to include this feature, or any other feature, of the game of bridge in your partnership agreement, then please make certain that the concept is understood by both partners. Be aware whether or not the feature is alertable or not and whether an announcement should or must be made. Check with the governing body and/or the bridge district and/or the bridge unit prior to the game to establish the guidelines applied. Please include the particular feature on your convention card in order that your opponents are also aware of this feature during the bidding process, since this information must be made known to them according to the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge. We do not always include the procedure regarding Alerts and/or Announcements, since these regulations are changed and revised during time by the governing body. It is our intention only to present the information as concisely and as accurately as possible.
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