Definition

A gambit is a defensive sacrifice by the declarer, which becomes necessary in order to gain additional tricks. The following illustration should clarify the concept behind this defensive play. The term gambit is borrowed from the game of chess and means an opening or maneuver, in which the player seeks to gain an advantage by sacrificing.

North
Q862
76
AK42
543
West
J5
83
J976
QJ1092
East
K1097
4
Q10853
876
South
A43
AKQJ10952
-
AK
Contract: 6
Declarer: South
Lead: Q

South wins the first trick in his hand with the King of Clubs. South, the declarer realizes that he has possibly 2 losing tricks in Spades, and is thankful for the lead. If the lead had been a Spade, then the contract would have been doomed from the start.

At trick two, South uses the lack of communication between East and West to begin his maneuver to sacrifice, in order to gain. South plays a small trump. The 2 of Hearts. East knows that he can win the trick with the 8 of Hearts. East wins the trick and, not knowing that a switch to Spades would defeat the contract, leads the Jack of Clubs on the third trick.

With this play, the declarer has set up an entry to the dummy, enabling him to discard his two losing Spade tricks on the Ace and King of Diamonds. He need not worry about being trumped, because all the trump cards have been played by the opponents on the second and fourth trick.

 

 

If you wish to include this feature, or any other feature, of the game of bridge in your partnership agreement, then please make certain that the concept is understood by both partners. Be aware whether or not the feature is alertable or not and whether an announcement should or must be made. Check with the governing body and/or the bridge district and/or the bridge unit prior to the game to establish the guidelines applied. Please include the particular feature on your convention card in order that your opponents are also aware of this feature during the bidding process, since this information must be made known to them according to the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge. We do not always include the procedure regarding Alerts and/or Announcements, since these regulations are changed and revised during time by the governing body. It is our intention only to present the information as concisely and as accurately as possible.

 


     
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